Blog Tanzania

Advancing Literacy & Storytelling at the Children's Home

22.09.2015

Baraka in the midst of writing his second story.

International Literacy Day, held each September 8, celebrates and promotes literacy among youth and adults around the world. Through the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization’s (UNESCO) various initiatives such as book collections, read-a-thons, writing competitions, and open readings of original work, communities around the world encourage others to spread literacy and help those who are learning to read for the first time.

The help2kids Children’s Home created their own activity, led by the newest member of our team in Tanzania, Justine. Justine, the new Children’s Home and Nursery Coordinator, launched a project to have every child create their own book.

“Many of the kids vary in age,” Justine said, “so I was trying to figure out a way to promote reading and writing while also catering to the skill level of each child.”

Each child created their own story, had their English reviewed and corrected, and then rewrote the story for their final copy that included original illustrations.

“I think they love it because they get to play with crayons a lot,” Justine said laughing. “But they’re learning too and using their creativity to craft their own stories.”

Volunteer Melanie, who helped proofread the writing, enjoyed the opportunity to see the children’s storytelling and artistic abilities.

“It’s a creative outlet,” Melanie said. “The kids have a lot of great ideas and need a way to show them. Between the interesting stories and creative illustrations, the books were really beautiful.”

Melanie (volunteer) helps Winstoni write his story. Volunteer Melanie from Switzerland helps Winstoni with the grammar in his story. Winstoni was eager to ask volunteers and staff for help with his writing.
Children drawing and writing around the table. The kids at the Children's Home work together to complete their stories, while also enjoying the beautiful weather outside.
Riziki drawing pictures for his story. After completing his story, Riziki takes his time to draw the colorful illustrations.

The books were also a way for the kids to practice their writing. While they speak English frequently at the Children’s Home, this was a good opportunity to hone and improve their writing skills. Through this activity, they were able to get much more one-on-one help and personal feedback than they might receive at school.

“It’s fun to see how excited they get,” Justine said, “and I think the kids do appreciate learning and acquiring new words and new grammar. I think if you tried these activities with another group of kids they may think it was boring. These kids are so excited to learn, and that’s my favorite thing about this book writing activity and study hall.”

Teacher listening as kids pose questions. Justine leads the children through the story and helps them with any questions they have.
 

Study hall is another area were Justine has already made an impact on the children’s English skills, concentrating on English rather than covering multiple subjects.

“I’m trying to shift the focus of study hall more towards English, especially because when the kids move to Standard 3 or 4 all of their classes are taught in English. For a lot of them it has become a barrier and they’ve had a hard time transitioning. Most of my students in study hall are either those who have just transitioned into all-English classes, or they’re older and taking tests in English that determine whether they will be able to progress or not in the education system.”

Since the ages and skills of the kids vary, some children know more vocabulary while others are more proficient in grammar. It was necessary to find a way to teach the kids so that they would all benefit.

“I brought a couple books with me to Tanzania and wasn’t sure how to use them at first,” Justine said. “Study hall became the perfect opportunity.”

There are a lot of donated books that focus on Western culture, Western environments, and Western children. These are valuable resources for the kids, but Justine wanted to find some books by authors from Africa. She found books from Nigeria, South Africa, and Botswana that she purchased before arriving in Tanzania (she’s still on the hunt for books from Tanzania).

The study hall process for English class.

In study hall she focuses on these books as they are set in an environment that is somewhat familiar to the children. When Justine took out the first book she brought, all the children were excited to see the cover.

“They kept saying the boy on the cover of Akimbo and the Snakes looked like Pascal,” (one of the children at the Children’s Home) Justine recalled. “The book is about snakes so occasionally I will throw out a fact about snakes, but most of the time they already know it. I can tell they are definitely relating more to this story and are more invested in reading it.”

Kids sitting at a desk with pencils in hand. Nuru and Happy Johnny read along to the story during study hall, making note of any new words.
Children reading textbooks and writing in notebooks at desks. Happy Masuke and the other children utilize all of their resources during study hall.

This desire to read is paramount to the International Literacy Day movement. While the kids at the help2kids Children’s Home are learning to read English as a second language, basic literacy in Sub-Saharan Africa lags behind other regions according to UNESCO.

Activities such as book writing and reading together enhance students’ literacy skills, whether it is in English, Kiswhaili, or any other language. Those skills become ingrained in the children when they can relate their reading to their surroundings, like in the study hall books and in the activity a dedicated volunteer led just a few months prior.

Teacher one-on-one analyzing work. Kaitlyn gives Nuru some tips to help her with her illustrations.

Volunteer Kaitlyn, an art teacher from the United States, arrived in Tanzania soon after graduating from her master’s program in May. Looking to make the most of her two months abroad, Kaitlyn planned out a project for the kids at the Children’s Home several months before she arrived.

Kaitlyn wanted to stress to the kids the importance of storytelling and creating a work of art, regardless of medium, that has the ability to express a personal story and relay an individual experience. As Justine learned when preparing to come to Dar es Salaam, there are very few published authors from Tanzania. Because of this, Kaitlyn made a point of highlighting the few artists and authors she did find from the area, with children’s author and TingaTinga artist John Kilaka’s The Amazing Tree serving as a launching point.

The children were excited to learn about books set around Tanzania. After showing the kids how authors were able to relate to them while sharing their experiences, Kaitlyn announced her plan to have the kids create their own storybook.

With valuable assistance from Aila, another help2kids volunteer, they led the students through the creation of a storybook, in which they all had a part.

“I kept telling them throughout the process, ‘This is your own work. This is something of value,’" Kaitlyn said. “The first day that I got there I drew a picture and they were really impressed by it. Then I ripped it up, crumpled it, and threw it on the ground. They were like, ‘What did you just do? No!’ I told them, ‘Well, now you know I feel when I see you do amazing work and then just throw it away.’”

It taught them not only to respect their own work, but each other’s work as well.

Injecting personal values, environment, and experiences into the children’s fable was a major goal for Kaitlyn. The children had a brainstorming session where they threw out ideas for the story, and she encouraged the kids to pull from their experiences at the Children’s Home to decide which morals would be the focus of the story. They chose forgiveness and peaceful living as the most important values they’ve learned here.

Between the opportunity for a creative outlet and the desire to communicate their story, all of the children were deeply engrossed in the activity.

“Sometimes you’d walk in the room and it was quiet,” Kaitlyn said. “They were so invested. And that’s the ultimate sign of success for me as an art teacher. And I think it was because of the connection they had formed between the story they were creating and their own lives in Tanzania.”

Kids coloring at classroom desks. Savera (left) and Prisca (right) color in their drawings for the class's book.

The children were the idea-machines behind the narrative and Kaitlyn helped make those ideas into a cohesive story – but only in English. She thought it would be beneficial to have the book in Kiswahili as well, so she sought out Tausi, the oldest girl at the Children’s Home, to help translate the book. It took several hours of hard work, but it paid off when it came time to show the final product.

At the book reveal, the children were eager to share what they learned from the book’s message and the process of creating it. Even the children who did not work on the book shared what the story meant to them. The kids felt empowered by the activity and expressed their confidence in storytelling.

Children watch as volunteer presents the storybook. At the reveal, each child shows of their page of the story. Dorie was proud to show off her hard work.

“For any child to understand that their life and their experience is worth telling and that they have the skills in order to do that is one of the greatest things a teacher can do,” Kaitlyn said. “It was probably one of the most special moments of my life. It was really amazing to be able to see the kids take everything that I wanted them to learn and discover, and for them to make it their own. That’s how I know I succeeded.”

help2kids aims to help all of the children we serve develop a passion for reading and a desire to continue improving their English and Kiswahili skills, so that they have the tools to create a promising future for themselves and those around them.

 

You can support the help2kids Children's Home by clicking the donate button below and selecting Tanzania. You can also promote literacy at our partner Bajeviro Primary School by creating a campaign to provide them with textbooks through myhelp2kids.org. From all of us at help2kids, thank you for your interest and continued support.

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